STUDY GUIDE 2018/2019 -TILBURG

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2018-2019

Urban theory and Urban Society

 

1, 2 and 3

2 and 3

18

Niké van Keulen and Cecilia Chiappini

Research by design

studio

b

 

 

 

CONTENT

High speed Green

The Triennial of Landscape Architecture will take place in Noord-Brabant in 2020. This studio explore the relation between the landscape of Noord-Brabant and the surrounding cities. During the 18 sessions of this STUDIO, students will go through an intensive research-design process. They will be assisted by the tutor, and their peer students to discuss conceptual issues, develop and test explorative tools, a “learning from…” approach, and design at the urban and landscape level. Input lectures, local actors and experts will trigger them.

Exceptionally, this STUDIO targets several goals at the same time. On the one hand, it provides a pedagogical framework for developing the skills and competences that are required for (future) competitive professionals. On the other, it aims at proposing a critical position in terms of concepts, strategies, and design to be exhibited and confronted with a larger audience; being the framework for this, the Landscape Architecture Triennale to take place at Het Groene Woud/Van Gogh National Park I.O., North Brabant, in 2020, of which one of the objective states: “Deepening and consolidating insights into the Brabant landscape by working on that landscape in a creative way and adding value to it.”

 

Challenge

The Triennial of Landscape Architecture is situated in the area between Tilburg, Den Bosch and Eindhoven, called Het Groene Woud (in English, The Green Forest) which is currently transitioning into the condition of National Park (acquiring the name of Van Gogh National Park I.O.). This process constitutes the perfect chance to rethink the area and this STUDIO undertakes the challenge proposing to approach it at different scales.

Complex situations emerge in this site, mostly related to the coexistence of rural and urban processes with a large connection with productivity, changing social conditions and landscape features. Some of the main issues relate to aging and shrinking populations, the decrease of ecological, cultural, and historical values of the landscape, the growth of recreational use of rural land and the challenges of productive landscapes; which combine with larger processes such as climate change or energy transition, requiring both space and innovation. Among the challenges that has been preliminary identified are the creation of healthy living environment, the preservation of the cultural landscape, the sustainability of food chains, the development of new (agricultural) activities combined with the refunctioning of old stables, available plots and building aggregates.

The Triennale proposes a series of themes that are to be addressed in specific locations. These are: 1. HIGH TECH - HIGH GREEN, 2. WASHING WATER, 3. MEAT AND FISH, 4. LANDSCRAPERS, 5. PRODUCTIVE NATURE, 6. SUN AND WIND, 7. ADVENTUROUS HERITAGE, 8. GROENSTAD, 9. DATASCAPES, and 10. BLUE ZONES. [3]

The STUDIO acknowledges this thematic proposal as a starting point, but it holds a critical position aiming to explore the site not only introspectively, but in relation to larger territorial processes. This STUDIO proposes to take these processes seriously and to explore its implications at intermediate scales by generating design proposals at the planning and landscape level. The aim is to generate prototypical interventions, meaning testing spatial manipulations highly embedded in local conditions that, at the time, imply logics and ways of doing that are critical to the established modus operandi and that can be transferable and retrofitted, as a sort of “manifesto”. To achieve this purpose, the STUDIO is divided into 3 Methodological Stages: Conceptual Position, Research Case and Design Case. These stages are not static and independent boxes of actions but integrally and simultaneously approached.

 

 

LITERATURE

Basic Literature (from reference List):

1. Heeling J., Meyer H., Westrik J., Het Ontwerp van de Stadsplattegrond, Amsterdam 2002

2. Meyer H., F. de Josselin de Jong, M.J. Hoekstra, Het Ontwerp van de Openbare Ruimte, Amsterdam 2006

3. Meyer H., Westrik J., Hoekstra M.J., Stedebouwkundige Regels voor het Bouwen, Amsterdam 2008

4. Urhahn G.B., Bobic M., A Pattern Image, a typological tool for quality in urban planning, Bussum 2000

Course Specific Literature and Suggested Reading:

Site References: www.landschapstriennale.com, www.hetgroenewoud.com, www.vangoghnationalpark.com and https://prijsvraagbroodenspelen.nl/achtergrond/noord_brabant/

Further references depending on the specific location and design and research questions

Articles to discuss during the semester:

1. Chiappini, María Cecilia; Hehl, Rainer; Thomidou, Alkistis, “Cidade de Deus +20 Projecting alternative futures” publisher: Ruby Press Cidade de Deus – City of God. Working with Informalized Mass Housing in Brazil, pag.: 152 - 165.

2. SCOTT BROWN, Denise. “On Formal Analysis as Research” In: JAE, Vol. 32, No. 4, Search/Research, 1979 and LEVITT, William. “Levittown 1947-1951” in Venturi, Schott, Brown and Associates Learning from Levittown. 1972

3. NANGO, Yoshikazu. “The Behaviour that Atelier Bow Wow Call Research. Made in Tokyo: a research prototype”. (www.bow-wow.jp, archinect.com/features/article/56468/atelier-bow-wow-tokyo-anatomy, urban-sprouts.blogspot.com, ar/2010_09_01_archive.html)

Methodological References

1. ANGÉLIL M. and HEHL R. (Eds.) (2012). Cidade de Deus – City of God. Working with Informalized Mass Housing in Brazil. Berlin: Ruby Press.

2. JUNZO Kuroda and MOMOYO Kaijima. (2001) Made in Tokyo: Guide Book, Kajima Institute Publishing, Japan.

3. VENTURI, Scott Brown and IZENOUR (1972) Learning from Las Vegas. MIT Press.

Background Conceptual References:

1. DE LANDA, M. (2000). 1000 of non linear history. New York: Swerve Editions.

2. DELEUZE, G. & GUATTARI, F. (1987). 1000 Plateau. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press.

3. HABRAKEN, N.J. (1998). The structure of the Ordinary. Cambridge: MIT Press.

5. LATOUR, B. (2005). Reassembling the Social. An Introduction to Actor-Network-Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press and LATOUR, Bruno. On actor-network theory. A few clarifications plus more than a few complications. CSI-Paris/Science Studies-San Diego. English version in: Soziale Welt, vol. 47, pp. 369-381, 1996

6. MCFARLANE, C. (2011) Assemblage and critical urbanism, City, 15:2, 204-224, DOI: 10.1080/13604813.2011.568715

 

 

 

 

RESULTS

A written reflection on the researched planning principles in which a clear case is described. The case should reveal in which way implementation of designs is influenced by planning systems.

The result of the studio will be an analysis, vision and elaborated design for the chosen area. The design will integrate the various qualities and approaches on different scales and levels.

 

EXAMINATION

A written and graphic reflection on the researched planning principles in which a clear case is described. The case should reveal in which way implementation of designs is influenced by planning systems.

The result of the studio will be a conceptual position, research statement, vision and elaborated design for the chosen location. The design will integrate the various qualities and approaches on different scales and levels.

Final result is a Design by Research and Presentation

 

OBJECTIVES

List of course objectives:

1. Ability to define Urban Patterns, Urban Morphology and Landscaping

2. Ability to analyze the historical development of an area in relation to its actors

3. Ability to communicate and cooperate with other disciplines like Landscape Architecture, Geography, Planning

4. Ability to derive the economical drivers from the transportation network

5. Ability to implement the political processes and procedures within the design process

6. Ability to integrate urbanism with the desired and realistic development

7. Ability to synthesize and simplify urbanism without losing its strength

8. Ability to develop an Urban Strategy

9. Ability to translate various approaches into Urban Designs

10. Ability to go work on different scales within one project  and relate the to each other (i.e. define critical details and larger issues)

11. Ability to recapitulate, analyze and design urban places

12. Ability to deal with clients and to act professionally as an advisor

13. Ability to analyze the clients wishes and to translate them into urban design proposals

14. Ability to interact within a disputed environment to find a dialogue

15. Ability to persuade and to synthesize

16. Ability to analyze urban planning processes

17. Ability to explain, clarify and construct the urban design proposals

18. Ability to relate the design proposals to human needs and criteria

19. Ability to relate the urban design proposals to the economical developments

20. Ability to collect relevant data and implement them in the design strategy

21. Ability to translate urban design to architectural conditions and ambitions

22. Ability to intervene in the existing context

 

a, c, d, e, f, g, i, j, l, k, m

 

COMPETENCES

DESIGN, level 2

RESEARCH, level 2

COMMUNICATING, level 2

ENTREPRENEURSHIP, level 2

PROFESSIONALISM, level 2

 

 

Niké van keulen was during her studies at the Wageningen University already fascinated by landscape urban design. In her working life from 1988 onwards she has been partner within Lubbers & van Keulen landscape architects in 's-Hertogenbosch and from 1995 as associate within MTD landscape architects in 's-Hertogenbosch. She was member of the “welstandscommissies “in the cities of Almere and The Hague. She won several prices and her work has been published in relevant magazines. Since 1989 se has been involved in teaching and the examination at the Academy of Architecture of Amsterdam.

 

María Cecilia Chiappini graduated as an Architect from the Facultad de Arquitectura, Diseño y Urbanismo, Universidad Nacional del Litoral, in Argentina (2007) and from the Master of Advanced Studies in Urban Design at ETH, Zurich, Switzerland (2012). In 2007, she funded her practice ARQ-CHIA (www.arq-chia.com.ar<http://www.arq-chia.com.ar>) to combine academic and professional activities. She worked in architecture private practices at Mecanoo Architecten in Delft, The Netherlands (2013-2015) and at IN-VI Investment Environments in their offices in Bratislava, Warsaw, Ticino and Cannes (2008-2009). In the public sector, she contributed to the development of the European Commission-Sponsored Territorial Strategic Plan of the Province of Santa Fe. In 2011, she was awarded a scholarship by the Swiss Government to study at ETH, Zurich, Switzerland.

 

She is a doctoral researcher since 2015 at the Department of Architecture, Campus Sint-Lucas Brussels/Ghent, KU Leuven, Belgium. Her focus is the spatial configuration of collective spaces within formal/informal dynamics, particularly focusing on urban transformation around infrastructures. She is currently addressing the case of Glories Square, Barcelona, under the supervision of Profs. Kris Scheerlinck and Yves Schoonjans and is expected to accomplish it in 2019. More on: http://www.collectivespaces-kuleuven.be/?p=248

 

Her teaching experience starts in Argentina, where she worked as an Assistant Teacher at the Urbanism Introductory Course and at the Urban Design Studio at her home university, Graduate Programme in Architecture and Urbanism. (2010-2011). Her current teaching activities include leading two design studios at the International Master of Architecture, Orientation Urban Cultures, Urban Project at the Faculty of Architecture, Campus Sint-Lucas, Brussels, KU Leuven, Belgium. There, she explores the possibilities of applying a new conceptual-practical research approach developed within her doctoral research to design at the planning and architectural levels. Since 2015, she has led studios in Brussels and Barcelona. More on: http://internationalmasterofarchitecture.be/design-studios-3/