18 weeks, Friday from 11:30 – 17:30
03, 10, 17, 24 November, 01, 08, 15, 22 December, 19, 26 Januar, 02, 09, 23 February, 02, 09, 16, 23 March,
Johan de Wachter, Carry Rosenblatt Limpens Deijs.
a, b, c, e, g, h, i
Marty McFly: Hey, Doc, we better back up. We don’t have enough road to get up to 88.
Dr. Emmett Brown: Roads? Where we’re going, we don’t need roads.
Back to the Future, film, 1985
Architecture is a profession that takes an enormous amount of time. The least architectural effort takes at least four or five or six years, and that speed is really too slow for the revolutions that are taking place."
Rem Koolhaas: "There’s Been Very Little Rethinking Of What Cities Can Be"
Architecture is the “Physics of Becoming”.
Architecture makes sense of the world in various ways, offering signification, reason and sensation, based on prevailing conventions at a given point in time. As such, the concern with the future is more than a mere habit, it is a cyclic ritual, a perpetual need that is rooted in the nature of architecture itself.
Architecture concerns being, space and time. It is a discipline that, by definition, is infused with issues larger than its material structure. Accordingly, architectural design is an innovation tool, that by means of design intelligence can tackle a wide range of emerging social, cultural, political and economic problems.
Architectural design, perceived as the process of becoming, implies an emphasis on the notion of change. It places the notion change centrally in the thought and operation of the discipline.
Change as an underlying notion entails architecture’s present need to develop its own change-vocabulary, change-values and change-intelligence as a means to support its power of conveying meaning and making sense.
Architecture, more than ever, needs to address invariably increasing, complicated and often unpredictable phenomena. Ecological changes, geopolitical shifts, accelerating (digital)technological developments, rapid urbanization are few examples of the practice’s challenges. Common architectural practice seems not to be able to adequately deal with the presented challenges. Therefore, it is necessary to develop “survival strategies” in architectural education and practice, strategies that will allow architects to keep participating in shaping our (future)built environment.
The CHANGE FIELD inscribes a period of 18 weeks during the second and third year of the study and intends to form the heart of the study. Through designs along three thematic lines: Fabrication, Eco(nomo)logies and Society student will develop the capacity to recognize (universal) architectural themes, research the spatial consequences of those themes, design architectural solutions, experiment and develop alternatives, take a founded position on the subject matter, and get acquainted with architectural references and best practices.
"LIVING AND CARE IN POSTWAR NEIGHBORHOODS"
"The elderly population will double in the near future and the life expectancy of the Dutch population is still increasing. More and more older people choose to continue to live independently for a longer period of time, despite illness or disability. Through proper care at home and the use of new technology this will be possible, but it requires a different interpretation of the living and working environment. New living Communities in which both older and young people live, where care and amenities are close by, people support each other and (technological) innovations have all the space."
Stakeholders are looking for future-proof concepts concerning long-term (nursing) care in the city; new forms of housing in combination with modern technologies, which contribute to appropriate care and community building.
Care and living in the post-war neighborhoods are the focus of this studio. How can transformation proposals can contribute to the great structural change in the care and / or post-war housing neighborhoods.
Another aspect of the ageing society is that less people will contribute and more people will receive aid from the government. Could the new living-care-working environment offer possibilities to make elderly people productive after their “standard” retirement so they can continue to contribute to the society.
Research by design
1.Research into the processes of growing older, care and postwar neighborhood – exploring possibilities and synergies
2. Development of new Typologies - new housing typologies for care and the public domain
3. Development of affordable products for the residential and care market – design and product development / testing in a specific context.
Once every 2 years Tilburg Municipality organizes a neighborhood review. This gives insight on subjects as livability, safety, social mobility, … Based on the results of this research the municipality defines which neighborhood becomes a “focus neighborhood”. These areas will get extra attention in the coming years concerning the above mentioned themes. The studio will work in the “focus-neighborhood” ‘t Zand in the north-west of Tilburg.
Through research by design and the development of new products (for housing and care) the studio aims to investigate how the elderly part of the population can be and stay (re)integrated in the society, how they can continue to contribute to establishing communities in our neighborhoods. We will work in an studio environment where the teachers assist students in their group work and individual work. Through presentations and discussions students will learn from each other’s research and findings. Depending on the phase/stage of the work different ways of collaborations between students will be applied (individual work, group work, …). The studio is set up in 2 phases:
1. Research by Design
In this phase you will get informed by former students who worked in the same area and on the same subject.
• Research on demographic trends and especially in the post-war district (composition residents groups, old age)
• Research into the social-cultural context and socio-economic context
• Research on spatial problems of the postwar district (focused on the location)
• Scenarios for new typologies tailor-made to the future caretaker and resident (how much care in the district? / invisible care / …)
• Scenarios for new "typologies" of care (provision), also in relation to new technologies.
• Design of a new "care-living product" specific to the location (building + environment)
• Design of a new "residential care agenda" applicable to different locations
• Establish an agenda for the future of health care, housing and living
• Effect on the transformation of the postwar district.
In the studio of 2016/2017 the accent has been on context & typology, also in public space.. In the studio of 2017/2018 the accent will be on the typologies ad new (architectural) products for living and care.
People and their wellbeing are at the core of spatial design. Key issues during this studio are co-design with the elderly, co-creation with stakeholders and customers, cultural diversity and inclusive design.
¥ The research concerning the elderly will examine demographic trends, the (care) needs of older people (now and in the future), living and dwelling in the future and the interaction between living, neighborhood and care.
¥ The research concerning ‘care’ will look into the funding and income in relation to ‘care’ and technology
¥ The research of post-war neighborhoods will look at housing typologies, public space, local economy, community and cultural diversity.
1. Research groups
o Dutch and non-Dutch elderly
o their children
o care organizations
o branch organizations
o housing corporations
2. Subject of research
o Housing (typology of the individual house and housing blocks)
o Public space
o Communities in the neighborhoods
o Smart city / virtual data "layer"
o Independence and personal finance
o Privacy and Technology
3. Current systems
o Financing care homes now
o Financing care and living in the future?
4. intended initiators, guest teachers, lectures
o Posad, Han Dijk (Healthy urbanization) (to be confirmed)
o René Scherpenisse, TIWOS (to be confirmed)
• Milligan, 1999
• Laws 2010
• Fratiglioni 2000
• Boer Lootens 2010
• Brittain 2010
• Luxton et. Al 2011
• Topo 2009
• Hubbard, The City
• Fons d’Haens, Vlaamse kijk op wonen, zorg en architectuur in Nederland; Architectuur Lokaal
Spatial designs for new principles, typologies and products for care and housing matching the demands of the future elderly generation. Retune care and living in the city and in the specific context of the postwar neighborhood.
• Learning which housing programs are common in the market and what defines them. Which programs specifically are interesting in the context of living and care in postwar neighborhoods.
• Learning to thoroughly asses the possibilities of a neighborhood to be densified, and if so where exactly.
• The choice for a location.
• Learning to describe a fitting, sustainable and realistic program requirement. Learning to use references.
• Learning to weigh options and alternatives in relation to the building volume. What makes the one better than the other?
• Learning to design a sustainable housing complex in an existing situation.
Design, Level 2 / Research, Level 2 / Communication, level 2
10/11 – 17/11 –24/11 – 1/12- 8/12 – 15/12 – 22/12 (= presentation)
• group work (duo or group of 3 to 4)
• goal: understanding of the site and the topic; result: strategy for (step by step) transformation
o on an urban and typological level
o who is living here: contact with elderly people living in the neighbourhood, in rental as well as owner-occupied housing – what are the inhabitants demands
o understanding of the way care is provided and organized
o typologies and urban context – testing of new typologies in the context and with people in neighbourhood–
• product: presentation (powerpoint – booklet) and 1 A4 of text
Design of product
• 19/01 – 26/01 – 02/02 – 09/02 – 23/02 – 02/03 (=presentation)
• individual work
• goal: architectural or urban design where all the (investigated) aspects of nowadays living and care are combined; result: architectural design of new building(s) for living and/or care
• product: presentation (powerpoint), 3 panels A1, model on a relevant scale
• 09/03 – 06/04
• Preparing final product: exhibition – publication - …
• group work (all studio – to be defined)