STUDY GUIDE 2018/2019 -TILBURG

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Academic year

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Semester

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EU Qualifications

2018-2019

ARCHITECTURE 1

2

1

1

7 weeks, Tuesdays from 19:30-21:30 pm

 

OENE DIJK

KNOWLEDGE ASSESSMENT

LECTURES

b

CONTENT

"Architecture is that great living creative spirit which from generation to generation, from age to age, proceeds, persists, creates, according to the nature of man, and his circumstances as they change. That is really architecture."

—Frank Lloyd Wright, from In the Realm of Ideas

 

The history of architecture, as well as the history of urban planning and landscape architecture, is as complex as architecture itself. And as architecture it changes throughout time. What is the relevance nowadays for upcoming designers? Does it still lie in the perspective in which architecture is reduced to styles, movements and players, as a typical overview from an art-historical way dating back to 19th century and older periods?

 

The history of architecture is traditionally presented through the historical periods: beginning with the Ancient Period (Egyptian, Greek, Roman) followed by the Medieval Period (Byzantine, Romanesque, Gothic) and via the beginning of the Modern Period (Renaissance, Baroque, Enlightenment) passing through the 19th century (Eclecticism, New Styles and Industrial Revolution) to the 20th and 21nd century with the Modernist and the Traditionalist and a variety of styles (a.o. Postmodern, Deconstructivism, etc.).

 

But shouldn’t architectural history be about an analysis of the social, political and technical context in which architecture as subject and product — in short, as process — functions? Is Architecture indeed a much more complex phenomenon?

This way of writing architectural history relates much more to the contemporary practice of architecture, urban planning and landscape architecture, in which knowledge of the history of architecture is required. In the words of Jean Luis Cohen, from The Future of Architecture Since 1889 (2012):  “Architecture, a discipline both constructive and creative, is by necessity concerned with the future. At the same time, architects are constantly looking to the past in search of buildings and patterns that resonate with their own projects.”

 

The course exists out of seven meetings in which in part 1 (3 lessons) first the ‘traditional’ way of architectural history is discussed, secondly the ‘modern’ way and thirdly the recent way. We will go through these different notions and styles of architectural history by close reading some seminal texts (usually their introductions) and by comparing these texts:

 

‘What is architecture?’ is the topic of part 2. Three texts out of 100 year Modern are discussed by students after close reading:

 

‘Architecture Ornament und Crime’ by Adolf Loos (1908)

 ‘What is architecture?’ Hans Hollein (1968);

Obama’s speech for the Pritzker Prize (2011)

 

The last session is for conclusion and an exam. The exam is about the reflection on the course and students are asked to reflect on the texts, whereby a strong and solid argumentation is asked.

 

History of Architecture 1

 

1. Introduction: what is history of architecture? On styles, movements, periods and players: reading introduction of:

- Nikolas Pevsner, European architecture (Middle Ages and Renaissance), Donker, Rotterdam, 1974

- Nikolas Pevsner, European architecture (from Bernini to Le Corbusier), Donker, Rotterdam, 1997

- John Summerson, The Classical Language of Architecture, Thames and Hudson, London, 1996

 

2. Modern Architecture: What is history of architecture? On styles, movements, periods and players: reading introduction of:

 

- William Curtis, Modern Architecture since 1900, Phaidon, London, 1997

 

- Kenneth Frampton, Modern Architecture, Sun, Nijmegen, 1995

 

- David Watkin, Western Architecture, a history, Sun, Nijmegen, 1994

 

3. Recent Architecture.

 

- Jean Luis Cohen, The Future of Architecture Since 1889 Phaidon, London 2012

 

4. What is architecture?

 

- Reading text ‘Ornament und Crime by Adolf Loos’ (1908)

 

5. What is architecture?

 

- Reading text Hans Hollein (1968)

 

6. On the importance of history: what is the relevance of history of architecture to a designer, architect?

 

- Debate with parts of Obama’s speech for the Pritzker Prize (2011)

 

7. Conclusions and Exam

 

-Input by students, selection of relevant texts chosen by students

 

 

 

 

LITERATURE

The texts will be handed out by email and on intranet.

 

RESULTS

Students are participating in the course by reading literature, by debating on topics brought forward and by doing their examination (a text product)

 

EXAMINATION

Knowledge assessment: in week 7 the students have to do an exam. This exam exists out of three parts:

1. Knowledge of the canon: projects and architects

2. Reflection on the literature that is used

3. Argumentation; essay part where the students showing their capability to reflect on theory

 

 

OBJECTIVES

List of course objectives, numbered (1,2,3 …):

 

1. ability to reflect on knowledge of history, ways of writing history and on literature

 

2. (adequate) knowledge of history of architecture and literature on this topic

 

3. understanding of strategies and ways of writing and creating history

 

4. showing skills of writing and argumentation

 

5onnecting knowledge of history of architecture to their daily practice of a designerheoryf main architects are tforming the mai. connecting knowledge of history of architecture to their daily practice of a designer

 

 

COMPETENCES

DESIGN, Level 1

RESEARCH, Level 1